Here at Rock ‘n Renew we teach students how to grow their own food, while exploring the differences between various agricultural practices such as, Permaculture, Biodynamics , Biointensive, Natural Farming, No Till Farming, and many others. Through scientific analysis, students make their own evaluations as to which systems work best. We will be making a post every week about each of these agricultural practices. This week we will learn about Permaculture and how it works.
What Gardening Know How says about this way of gardening:
“Permaculture gardens serve many functions. Rather than limit the garden to only one use, this style of gardening employs a variety of uses. This garden provides food and medicinal crops, wildlife habitats, crafting materials, an attractive appearance, and a private, relaxing atmosphere throughout every season. They are self-sustaining.
Nothing within the permaculture garden should ever be wasted. Garden waste is used for composting, which in turn, is used for soil amendment and fertilizer.
Water is also an important element with permaculture gardens. Not only does water keep the soil and plants hydrated, but it is also used to attract wildlife to the permaculture garden. Many permaculture gardens even implement recycling practices for watering. For instance, rain barrels are often used to catch rainwater coming from the gutter downspout. This not only saves on water but is especially
good for the garden as rainwater is loaded with nutrients.
There is no need for pesticides in a permaculture garden. Water features often encourage beneficial insects, birds, frogs, and other small wildlife creatures, and many of these will feed on pests in the permaculture garden. Companion plantings also help keep insect and other pest problems to a minimum.
Permaculture gardens require less maintenance. Once a permaculture garden has
established itself, you do nothing but water and harvest crops or add occasional mulch.Permaculture simply refers to a garden that can essentially take care of itself. Each plant in a permaculture garden has a specific purpose. Some are used solely for food and others for medicine. Some are planted to attract beneficial insects, while others are planted to deter pests. Then there are those that are strictly planted for improving the soil, and those that simply boost the permaculture garden’s beauty.”
Permaculture aims to combine the best of natural landscaping and edible landscaping that sustain itself and the gardener. It also emphasizes using native plants that are adapted to your local area. Every plant in the garden must serve a purpose. Go ahead and try to incorporate permaculture practices next time you are planning out your garden.
You can learn more about permaculture here: http://permacultureprinciples.com/